J. P. Berry, Are Pfiesteria species toxicogenic? Evidence against production of ichthyotoxins by Pfiesteria shumwayae, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.109, issue.6, p.10970, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/1074-5521(95)90187-6

D. D. Turgeon, Protocols for Monitoring Pfiesteria and Related Health and Environmental Conditions in U.S. Coastal Waters (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, National Center for Coastal Ocean Science and Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment, 2001.

J. M. Burkholder, H. B. Glasgow, and N. J. Deamer-melia, Overview and present status of the toxic Pfiesteria complex (Dinophyceae), Phycologia, vol.40, issue.3, p.186, 2001.
DOI : 10.2216/i0031-8884-40-3-186.1

P. D. Moeller, Current Progress in Isolation and Characterization of Toxins Isolated from Pfiesteria piscicida, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol.109, issue.s5, p.739, 2001.
DOI : 10.1289/ehp.01109s5739

A. S. Gordon, B. J. Dyer, D. Seaborn, and H. G. Marshall, Comparative toxicity of Pfiesteria spp., prolonging toxicity of P. piscicida in culture and evaluation of toxin(s) stability, Harmful Algae, vol.1, issue.1, p.85, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1568-9883(02)00008-2

J. Springer, S. E. Shumway, J. M. Burkholder, and H. B. Glasgow, Interactions between the toxic estuarine dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida and two species of bivalve molluscs, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.245, p.1, 2003.
DOI : 10.3354/meps245001

E. D. Levin, Learning impairment caused by a toxin produced by Pfiesteria piscicida infused into the hippocampus of rats, Neurotoxicology and Teratology, vol.25, issue.4, p.419, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0892-0362(03)00011-4

J. M. Burkholder, Species of the Toxic Pfiesteria Complex, and the Importance of Functional Type in Data Interpretation, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol.109, issue.s5, p.667, 2001.
DOI : 10.1289/ehp.01109s5667

R. W. Litaker, LIFE CYCLE OF THE HETEROTROPHIC DINOFLAGELLATE PFIESTERIA PISCICIDA (DINOPHYCEAE)1, Journal of Phycology, vol.6, issue.3, p.442, 2002.
DOI : 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1979.00312.x

J. M. Burkholder and H. B. Glasgow, THE LIFE CYCLE AND TOXICITY OF PFIESTERIA PISCICIDA REVISITED1, Journal of Phycology, vol.8, issue.6, p.1261, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1529-8817.2002.02096.x

J. K. Galbraith, The Anatomy of Power (Houghton Mifflin, 1983.

D. S. Wilson, Darwin's Cathedral: Evolution, Religion and the Nature of Society (Univ, 2002.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226901374.001.0001

A. Merari, Queen Sophie Center for the Study of Violence References and Notes 1. See supplementary online material available on Science Online at www.sciencemag.org, pp.47-48, 2002.

B. Saleh, paper presented to the Graduate Research Forum, 2003.

M. Haritkos-fatouros, The Official Torturer: A Learning Model for Obedience to the Authority of Violence, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol.35, issue.13, p.1107, 1988.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1988.tb01196.x

L. Ross and R. Nisbett, The Person and the Situation, 1991.

B. Thanks, T. Saleh, R. Stewart, R. Nisbett, R. Gonzalez et al., Sperber for arguments and suggestions, and G. Origgi for organizing a CNRSsponsored internet debate

R. Trivers, Social Evolution, 1985.

L. Cosmides and J. Tooby, Evolutionary Psychology
DOI : 10.4135/9781412965811.n99

D. Symons, Adaptiveness and adaptation, Ethology and Sociobiology, vol.11, issue.4-5, p.427, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0162-3095(90)90019-3

R. Alexander, Epigenetic rules and Darwinian algorithms, Ethology and Sociobiology, vol.11, issue.4-5, p.241, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0162-3095(90)90012-U

S. Balch, The neutered civil servant: Eunuchs, celibates, abductees and the maintenance of organizational loyalty, Journal of Social and Biological Systems, vol.8, issue.4, p.313, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0140-1750(85)90035-1

A. Taheri and H. Terror, Inside the World of Islamic Terrorism, p.91, 1987.

R. Gunaratna, Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror (Columbia Univ. Press, p.96, 2002.
DOI : 10.7312/guna12692

D. Long, The Anatomy of Terrorism, p.21, 1990.

G. Hammel, Demographic Appendix to Discouraging Terrorism, 2002.

A. Merari, Statement before Special Oversight Panel on Terrorism Terrorism and Threats to US Interests in the Middle East, 2000.

J. Sidanius and F. Pratto, Social Dominance, p.265, 1999.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9781139175043

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01473271

J. Chisholm, . Death, . Hope, and . Sex, Political planning should give preference to reducing the security shortfall of those at the edge of a fitness cliff, p.236, 1999.

. According-to-sulayman-abu and . Ghayth, Al Qaeda spokesman There are among the youth of this community (Islam) thousands desirous of death in the same way as Americans are desirous of life? Jihad for the sake of God now is a must for every Moslem, 2001.