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Uncertainty and the suppression of inferences

Abstract : The explanation of the suppression of Modus Ponens inferences within the framework of linguistic pragmatics and of plausible reasoning (i. e. , deduction from uncertain premises) is defended. First, this approach is expounded, and then it is shown that the results of the first experiment of Byrne, Espino and Santamaría (1999) support the uncertainty explanation but fail to support their counterexample explanation. Second, two experiments are presented. In the first one, aimed to refute one objection regarding the conclusions observed, the additional conditional premise (if N, C) was replaced with a statement of uncertainty (it is not certain that N); the answers produced by the participants remained qualitatively and quantitatively similar in both conditions. In the second experiment, a fine-grained analysis of the responses and justifications to an evaluation task was performed. The results of both experiments strongly supported the uncertainty explanation.
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https://jeannicod.ccsd.cnrs.fr/ijn_00000616
Contributor : Guy Politzer <>
Submitted on : Saturday, July 30, 2005 - 2:48:02 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 31, 2020 - 11:46:08 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Friday, September 14, 2012 - 4:48:34 PM

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  • HAL Id : ijn_00000616, version 1

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Guy Politzer. Uncertainty and the suppression of inferences. Thinking and Reasoning, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2005, 11 (1), pp.5-33. ⟨ijn_00000616⟩

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