Rationality and the experimental study of reasoning

Abstract : A survey of the results obtained during the past three decades in some of the most widely used tasks and paradigms in the experimental study of reasoning is presented. It is shown that, at first sight, human performance suffers from serious shortcomings. However, after the problems of communication between experimenter and subject are taken into account, which leads to clarify the subject's representation of the tasks, one observes a better performance, although still far from perfect. Current theories of reasoning, of which the two most prominent are very briefly outlined, agree in identifying the load in working memory as the main source of limitation in performance. Finally, a recent view on human rationality prompted by the foregoing results is described.
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Chapitre d'ouvrage
P. Bourgine & J.-P. Nadal. Cognitive economics: an interdisciplinary approach, Springer-Verlag, pp.79-93, 2004
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Soumis le : samedi 17 février 2007 - 22:55:27
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:19:08
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Guy Politzer. Rationality and the experimental study of reasoning. P. Bourgine & J.-P. Nadal. Cognitive economics: an interdisciplinary approach, Springer-Verlag, pp.79-93, 2004. 〈ijn_00131669〉

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