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Decentralize, adapt and cooperate

Abstract : Humankind faces a wide range of threats to its security and safety, from terrorist groups and cybercriminals to disease pandemics and climate change. All these threats share one characteristic: they are constantly changing. Decision-makers can never be sure whether the next tropical storm will be as violent as the last, or whether Taliban insurgents will use a roadside improvised explosive device or a suicide bomber for their next attack. Therefore, many of our security systems — those that are resistant to change, or that try to eliminate all risk — are doomed. Firewalls have failed to protect computers from hackers for 40 years; screening airline passengers for liquids didn't prevent Umar Abdulmutallab from taking a powdered incendiary onto a plane; and so cumbersome is the military procurement cycle that heavy armoured vehicles designed to repel improvised explosive attacks were deployed in Iraq a full three years after soldiers had identified the need.
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Contributor : Scott Atran <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 22, 2010 - 8:53:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 9:58:02 AM
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  • HAL Id : ijn_00505192, version 1



Rafe Sagarin, Candice Alcorta, Scott Atran. Decentralize, adapt and cooperate. Nature, Nature Publishing Group, 2010, 465, pp.292-293. ⟨ijn_00505192⟩



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