Abstract : Pivotal to the mutual shaping of self and agency is the sense of agency, or agentive self-awareness. I offer a brief survey of recent models of how and where in the cognitive architecture the sense of agency is generated. I also argue that these models should be seen as complementary rather than as rivals. Building on that basis, I then turn to issues concerning the contents and structure of states of agentive self-awareness. Finally, I discuss the relation between agency and sense of agency. Is the sense of agency a reliable indicator of actual agency? Does it represent agency as it really is? What role does the sense of agency play in agency?